To stock the state water infrastructure fund, Texas counties are to collect $1 per year for every man, woman and child in the state. The primary purpose is to pay for the plans developed by the 16 regional water-planning groups in the state. The total cost of the 16 plans approaches $17 billion over the 50-year planning period, although costs to repair and replace an aging treatment and delivery infrastructure could reach $100 billion.

In addition, a 5-cents-per-container tax on bottled water would be levied to help finance future water projects. The bill would apply only to water bottled in the state and would not affect products from other states or countries.