The recent Supreme Court decision overturning the Chevron deference principle has raised questions about the future of federal regulatory agencies, including the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). This shift could significantly impact OSHA's ability to enforce workplace safety regulations, which are critical for industries such as geothermal, water well, geotechnical, and environmental drilling.

Background and Current Case

The Chevron ruling, established in 1984, allowed federal agencies like OSHA to interpret ambiguous laws passed by Congress, effectively expanding their regulatory power. However, the Supreme Court's conservative supermajority has begun reining in what it sees as regulatory overreach by these agencies. Following the Chevron decision, a new case challenging OSHA's authority has emerged, led by Allstates Refractory Contractors and backed by various business and conservative groups.

The core argument is that Congress, in delegating broad regulatory power to OSHA under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, violated the Constitution by allowing the agency to set and enforce safety standards. This argument posits that such power should remain strictly within the legislative branch.

Potential Impact on the Drilling Industry

For the drilling industry, OSHA's regulations are crucial in maintaining safety standards that protect workers from hazards such as falls, chemical burns, electric shocks, etc. At The Driller, we've discussed the importance of these regulations and standards in our safety column countless times. This is exactly why these concerns are so harrowing for the drilling community and blue-collar workers in general across the nation. 

If the Supreme Court sides with the challengers, OSHA's ability to enforce these regulations could be significantly curtailed, leading to a return to a fragmented system of state and federal safety rules. This fragmentation could increase risks for workers in the various drilling sectors, where consistent and stringent safety standards are paramount.

Industry Concerns and Future Outlook

The potential rollback of OSHA's regulatory power has raised concerns among industry leaders. Carl Hoiland, CEO of Zanskar Geothermal & Minerals, emphasized the importance of OSHA's role in maintaining a safe working environment. "Consistent and comprehensive safety regulations are vital for the protection of our workers, especially in high-risk environments like drilling. A reduction in OSHA's authority could lead to increased accidents and injuries on-site," Hoiland noted.

Moreover, the National Drilling Association (NDA) has stressed the need for flexibility in meeting safety mandates, acknowledging that while federal regulations are necessary, they must also consider the unique challenges faced by the drilling industry.


As the Supreme Court deliberates on this pivotal case, the drilling industry watches closely. The outcome could reshape the landscape of workplace safety regulation, affecting how geothermal, water well, geotechnical, and environmental drilling operations are conducted. Ensuring the continued safety of workers in these fields requires a balanced approach that upholds stringent safety standards while allowing for industry-specific flexibility.